Undergraduate Ophthalmology


Undergraduate Training in Ophthalmology


Examination of the eye and adnexae is an important part of the general examination of a patient. The eye may reveal a wide variety of systemic disease and eye pathology is ever more common in the ageing population for whom we need to provide care.

An understanding of the effects of eye disease in critical to holistic patient care and reduced visual function has widespread implications on e.g. mobility, independence and psychological wellbeing of all patients.

A number of acute ophthalmological conditions can be readily treated if recognised in their early stages and all doctors should be able to recognise these.

It is recommended that medical students acquire the following diagnostic skills:

1. Competence and understanding in basic ophthalmic history taking and examination:
a. Visual acuity measurement
b. Pupil assessment
c. Confrontation visual fields
d. Cover test and extraocular movement
e. Direct ophthalmoscopy

2. The ability to differentiate common causes of red eye and understand their management

3. To differentiate common causes of sudden and gradual loss of vision and understand their management

4. To appreciate common ophthalmological manifestations of general medical conditions

5. To understand how visual impairment impacts on activities of daily living

6. To understand the importance of ocular public health issues, both in the UK and internationally

The following link to the GMC website gives an indication of the skills you should try to acquire as an undergraduate, whatever branch of medicine you hope to practise in.

Published by the Education and Training Department 2013.


Ophthalmology as a Career

The College's Ophthalmology as a Career 2009 gives an overview of working in ophthalmology including postgraduate training. 

The companion document Academic Ophthalmology as a Career provides further information to guide undergraduates and trainees.  


Duke Elder Undergraduate Prize in Ophthalmology

The Duke Elder Undergraduate Prize Examination takes place once a year in Medical Schools throughout the UK and Ireland. Exam information

Patrick Trevor-Roper Undergraduate Travel Award

This award in Ophthalmology is open to undergraduate medical students from the UK and Eire only with an interest in the specialty. There are now three awards made annually, each for the sum of £550. This money can be used to fund electives in Ophthalmology and may be spent on travelling or subsistence.
The next awards will be made in June 2015, application forms will be available on the Travel Awards page of the website.


Medical Students Taster Day

 The day involves lectures and practical sessions and aims to provide an introduction to surgical skills including suturing, knots and the use of the operating microscope. Please click here for further details 


Undergraduate Ophthalmology

The British Undergraduate Ophthalmology Society

British Undergraduate Journal of Ophthalmology (BUJO)  
The BUJO is a peer-reviewed, open access, online journal aimed at medical students and junior doctors. BUJO is the offical journal of the British Undergraduate Ophthalmology Society.


BUOS Upcoming Events

Annual Student and Trainee Conference
When? Saturday 6 December 2014
Where? Royal Society of Medicine, London

Practical Skills for Future Ophthalmologists 2015
Saturday 28th February 2015
Moorfields Eye Hospital, London

Full event programme and registration details can be found on www.buos.co.uk
Email: events@buos.co.uk or president@buos.co.uk