Eye Care Professionals in ophthalmic practice

Ophthalmologists work as part of the multidisciplinary specialist team that includes a range of other medical, non-medical and healthcare professionals.

The traditional eye health care team has changed and continues to develop to meet the demands placed on the hospital eye service.  This is due to an increase in chronic disease management due to the aging population in the UK as well as the new and successful treatments available.  The eye sight of patients, in many cases, can now be saved or prolonged for many years.

Aspects of clinical work that were previously the domain of the medically qualified ophthalmologist are now being delivered by a broader multidisciplinary team. This new team of qualified optometrists, orthoptists, ophthalmic nurses, ophthalmic clinical scientists and technicians can take on expanded roles, where suitably trained, to release ophthalmologists to deal with the more complex cases and decision making.

Additionally there are a number of other professions involved in the care of a patient:

  • Hospital doctors and GPs
  • Electrophysiologists
  • Visual function technicians
  • Ocular prosthetists
  • Ophthalmic photographers

RCOphth Associate Membership for eye care professionals

The RCOphth is offering Associate Membership to some members of the multidisciplinary team with the aim of widening eligibility further in due course.

Although eye care professionals will have their own colleges and professional bodies, RCOphth can provide further educational opportunities and learning materials, for extended and advanced practice.  In recognition of your expertise we will collaborate with you to develop resources, such as specific standards and guidance, that enhance the role of multidisciplinary teams in eye care delivery.

Find out more about Associate Membership and benefits

Ophthalmic Practitioner Training

The Royal College of Ophthalmologists works with Health Education England, the College of Optometrists and the Royal College of Nursing to develop a framework for training and upskilling healthcare professionals as part of the important multidisciplinary team.

Find out more about the Ophthalmic Practitioner Training

The team works together to ensure that the patient is seen by the most appropriate person at the right time during their treatment and follow up care and this may take place either in hospital eye clinics or in community hubs. Those involved in the care of an eye patient may include the following; hospital optometrists, ophthalmic nurses and orthoptists.


Patients will often be seen by their local optometrist when they experience problems with their vision. As the primary care provider, optometrists are skilled in recognising when patients may need to be seen by an ophthalmologist and will refer the patient accordingly. Often, once the patient has been diagnosed and treatment agreed, the optometrist will provide follow up care for the patient and reduce the number of visits to the eye clinic in hospital.

RCOphth works closely with The College of Optometrists to develop the best possible pathways for patients across the community and in hospital. Read more about our collaborative ‘Vision’.

Ophthalmic Nurses

Ophthalmic nurses possess the educational and clinical expertise to provide holistic patient care in a range of ophthalmic healthcare settings. Patients with eye conditions and eye health needs are central to the delivery of individualised care. Ophthalmic nurses plan, assess, implement and evaluate care to optimise patient health outcomes.  Many ophthalmic nurses provide autonomous ophthalmic patient care as part of the multidisciplinary team.  Ophthalmic nursing offers continued opportunities in education and practice to meet the developing nature of ophthalmic patient care.


Orthoptists undergo professional training and have an extremely varied caseload. Typically, their work with babies and children involves the management and treatment of amblyopia (or lazy eye) and strabismus (misalignment of the eyes or squint). With adults, they will manage and treat a range of conditions leading to double vision, commonly following neurological episodes, such as strokes or brain damage.  They may work as part of the team within the eye unit itself, or independently as community orthoptists.

Find out more about orthoptics


Working with Health Education England, RCOphth is encouraging the take up of apprenticeships as another rewarding career choice route.

A picture of an eye

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