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Quality and Safety

Healthcare quality and safety must be paramount in all ophthalmic services and at the centre of ophthalmic clinical professional practice. Clinical governance is the system or process by which quality and safety are delivered and continuously improved.

High quality care essentially describes care which achieves good outcomes for patients through the provision of evidence based healthcare delivery (clinical effectiveness), which minimises harm (patient safety) and which provides the patient with a positive, personal experience of care (patient experience).

The College promotes quality and safety in all aspects of ophthalmology and produces many standards and guidelines to support this as well as the following clinical governance guides.

Ophthalmic Safety Alert:

The NHS Improvement national patient safety team have informed the College of the continued trend of incidents involving issues with detachment of cannulas during ophthalmic surgery (cannula-associated ocular injury, COI). Full alert & references available here.

Anti-VEGF FAQs 2018 The Royal College of Ophthalmologists has issued the following guidance regarding the use of bevacizumab (Avastin) in response to questions raised by members.  Members are advised to seek clarification with the local/trust policies at all times.
Correct IOL implantation in cataract surgery – quality standard 2018 Quality standard which builds on the NICE guideline for cataract in adults and is based on published evidence and expert consensus. It provides detailed guidance for units how to take all possible precautions to reduce the likelihood of wrong IOL never events.
Quality safety and clinical governance in ophthalmology An overview
2016
This document aims to provide a simple overview of the principles and systems which currently exist in the UK for quality and safety, and how they have evolved. It is supplemented by other more detailed documents on specific areas.
Clinical Audit and Clinical Effectiveness in Ophthalmology 2016 This document provides a simple overview of the principles and practice of clinical effectiveness and clinical audit for ophthalmologists